Reading GPIO inputs

In the previous example, we controlled an LED as an output device. In this example, we will read the state of a button in a loop and print it in the terminal, every time we detect a change.
Start by creating a file named and add the following python code inside it.
# External module imports
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
print("Hello Button")
buttonPin = 9
prevButtonState = True
buttonState = True
print("Setting Broadcom Mode")
# Pin Setup:
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM) # Broadcom pin-numbering scheme
GPIO.setup(buttonPin, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down=GPIO.PUD_UP)
#print initial settings
buttonState = GPIO.input(buttonPin)
print "Initial state is", 'pressed' if buttonState else 'released'
while 1:
buttonState = GPIO.input(buttonPin)
if prevButtonState != buttonState:
print "Button is", 'pressed' if buttonState else 'released'
# save last state
prevButtonState = buttonState;
except KeyboardInterrupt: # If CTRL+C is pressed, exit cleanly:
GPIO.cleanup() # cleanup all GPIO
To run the program, go to the terminal and write:
Now, if you modify the state of Pin 9, you will see the program respond to the new state and print the output in the terminal.
To stop the program press Ctrl+C.
Congratulations! We now know how to read from the GPIO inputs.
Reading from a while (1) loop is generally not a good programming practice and is used here only for demonstration purposes.